The Importance of Accurate Skin Assessment Before PMU

Jan 13 , 2024

The Importance of Accurate Skin Assessment Before PMU

You can't build a great building on a weak foundation. You must have a solid base if you're going to have a strong structure.” The same goes for Permanent Makeup (PMU) when it comes to longevity and vibrancy, which primarily depend on the foundation it is built upon, - “the skin.”. Therefore, a proper skin assessment before the procedure ensures the best possible results.

Permanent makeup, also known as micro-pigmentation, has gained popularity in recent years due to its convenience and long-lasting effects. The procedure involves using a handheld device that applies pigments to the skin's surface, creating the illusion of makeup.  A skin assessment is THE pre-procedure step for determining the optimal pigments, techniques, and tools based on an individual's unique skin type, tone, and texture.

Understanding Skin Types

What's Your Type? - Sutton Dermatology + Aesthetics Ctr

For PMU artists, understanding the skin type of their clients is crucial in selecting appropriate pigments and determining the depth of needle penetration during the PMU procedure. The Fitzpatrick scal is a classification system that is used to determine skin types. The scale categorizes skin into six types based on the skin's response to sun exposure and genetic factors. Type I is the “lightest” skin type that burns easily, while Type VI is the “darkest” skin type that rarely burns. 

For example, people with type I skin have less melanin and are more prone to sunburn, so they may require a lighter pigment and a shallower needle depth during the procedure, and vice versa. 

Other factors, such as 

  • age, 
  • sensitivity,
  • lifestyle and such

can also impact the skin's reaction to pigments. For instance, older skin may be thinner and more delicate, thus requiring a gentler approach during the PMU procedure. On the other hand, people with oily skin may require a higher pigment concentration and a deeper needle depth for the color to last longer.

Therefore, a detailed analysis of the client's skin type is essential for the PMU artist to create a tailored approach that ensures a successful and long-lasting procedure.

Allergic Reactions and Sensitivities

Allergic reactions and sensitivities are common issues that many people face, and it is important to understand the symptoms and possible triggers.

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Is there a risk of allergic reactions during PMU, and how can it be mitigated through skin assessment?

In the context of skin assessment, it is important to note that many common allergens and irritants can be found in skincare and cosmetic products. For example, fragrances, preservatives, and certain metals like nickel can cause allergic reactions in some people. By accurately assessing a client's skin and asking about any previous reactions to skincare or cosmetics, PMU artists can avoid using substances that may cause adverse reactions.

It's also worth noting that allergic reactions to pigments used in PMU can be particularly severe. While there's no need to be scared, it's important to recognize the likelihood of developing an allergy to the pigments you're using and be fully prepared for any health considerations. By thoroughly assessing a client's skin and understanding the potential risks involved, PMU artists can take steps to avoid using substances that may cause adverse reactions.

In addition to avoiding potential allergens and irritants, it's important to have a plan in place in case of an adverse reaction. PMU artists should be prepared to provide first aid and seek medical attention if necessary. They should also educate clients on the signs and symptoms of an allergic reaction and encourage them to seek medical attention if they experience any of these symptoms Post Procedure.

Preventing Complications

Impact of Skin Conditions on PMU:

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PMU artists must recognize skin conditions like psoriasis or eczema that can affect the success of the procedure. Advising clients with pre-existing skin issues about potential complications can help them make informed decisions. For example, if a client has eczema on their lips, it may not be advisable to get permanent lip color as the procedure can exacerbate the condition.

In addition, people with psoriasis are more prone to bleeding and scabbing during the healing process of scalp micropigmentation, which can affect the final results. For this reason, it is crucial to conduct a thorough skin assessment before performing facial tattooing on clients with skin conditions.


How about Color Matching and Pigment Selection Customization Based on Skin Tone?


Color matching and pigment selection are other crucial aspects of PMU that require a thorough skin assessment. Selecting the right pigments that complement the client's skin tone is vital for achieving natural-looking results. For instance, if a client has warm undertones, it is recommended to use pigments with a yellow or red base rather than a cool blue or green base.

1950s Makeup - Color Harmony in 1951 - Glamour Daze

Customization based on skin tone is also essential for creating personalized pigmentation strategies. A customized color palette enhances features while maintaining a harmonious and natural appearance. For example, a client with fair skin and light hair may require a lighter shade of eyebrow pigment than a client with darker skin and hair.

How Does Skin Analysis Impact PMU Longevity and Satisfaction?

PMU artists who understand the nuances of different skin types can adjust their techniques to ensure that pigments integrate seamlessly with the skin, without appearing too harsh or unnatural.

A comprehensive skin analysis can also help PMU artists spot potential issues that may affect the longevity of the enhancements. For example, clients with sun-damaged or aging skin may require additional treatments or touch-ups to maintain the desired look over time.

In addition to enhancing the longevity of PMU enhancements, accurate skin assessment can also contribute to client satisfaction. By tailoring their approach to the individual needs and preferences of each client, PMU artists can create personalized looks that enhance their natural beauty and boost their confidence.

Overall, PMU artists who prioritize thorough skin analysis are more likely to achieve lasting, natural-looking results that meet the expectations of their clients. By combining technical expertise with an understanding of the unique characteristics of each client's skin, they can create beautiful and enduring enhancements that stand the test of time.

Source: Unsplash

- What can clients do to maintain the longevity of PMU results after the procedure, following the initial skin assessment?

  • Following aftercare instructions, avoiding excessive sun exposure, and maintaining a healthy skincare routine can contribute to the longevity of PMU results established through a thorough skin assessment.


The Pillars of PMU: Building Success through Accurate Skin Assessment

In conclusion, a proper skin assessment is key to achieving successful and long-lasting permanent makeup results. PMU artists must consider various factors such as skin type, age, sensitivity, and lifestyle, as well as potential allergens and irritants. Additionally, understanding skin conditions, color matching and pigment selection plays a crucial role in creating a personalized approach for each client. By taking the time to conduct a thorough skin assessment, PMU artists can provide a tailored and safe procedure that enhances their clients' natural features. Ultimately, a strong foundation based on accurate skin assessment will lead to a strong and beautiful result.


How often should clients undergo follow-up skin assessments after a PMU procedure?

Answer: Follow-up assessments are typically recommended several weeks after the initial procedure and then periodically to assess long-term results and potential touch-ups.

What factors are considered in a comprehensive skin assessment for PMU?

Answer: PMU artists consider factors such as skin type, age, sensitivity, lifestyle, potential allergens, and irritants to personalize the procedure for each client.